toxic substance profile chlorinated paraffins

Toxic substance profile: Chlorinated paraffins

Chlorinated paraffins have a variety of uses, depending on the carbon chain length. Short chain chlorinated paraffins (C10-13) are used as lubricants, additives and sealants, medium chain length (C14-17) as secondary PVC plasticisers and long chain length (C20-30) in paints, lubricants and additives (Campbell and McConnell 1980).,Chlorinated Paraffins – Toxicological Risks of Selected … ,THIS chapter reviews the physical and chemical properties, toxicokinetics, toxicological, epidemiological, and exposure data on chlorinated paraffins.11Category includes chlorinated α-olefins which do not differ significantly from chlorinated paraffins with regard to structure, physical characteristics, or toxicity (EPA 1994). The subcommittee used that information to characterize the health …,Chlorinated Paraffins (C , 60% Chlorine) 12 CAS No. 108171 … ,Chlorinated paraffins are considered marine pollutants, and special requirements have been set for marking, labeling, and transporting these materials. Food and Drug Administration (FDA, an HHS agency) Chlorinated paraffins are allowed for use as indirect additives used in food contact substances as prescribed in 21 CFR 175 and 177.

Chlorinated Alkanes (previously called Chlorinated Paraffins)

Chlorinated Alkanes (previously called Chlorinated Paraffins) … These substances, which are no longer in commerce, have been added to the Prohibition of Certain Toxic Substances Regulations, 2012.,Advances in Studies on Toxic Effects of Short-Chain … ,Short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) were included in the Stockholm Convention in 2017. SCCPs have persistence, bioaccumulation, long-range environmental mobility and biological toxicity, significant toxicity to aquatic organisms, and potential carcinogenicity.,CHLORINATED PARFINS – World Health Organization ,CHLORINATED PARS 57 Table 2. Chemical and physicalproperties of representative chlorinated paraffnsa Paraffn Average Chlorine Density Refractive Visity Pour- Heat stability feetock chain content (25 ° C, index (25°C, P) pointb (% HO afer length (%) glml) CC) 4 h at 175°C) Cio-C13 Cii 60 1.36 1.516 35-10 0.10 C13-Ci 7 Cis 52 1.25 1.510 16-10 0.10 Ci rC30 Ci4 39 1.12 1.501 7-20 0.20

SHORT-CHAINED CHLORINATED PARAFFINS RISK PROFILE

The risk profile focuses on short-chain chlorinated paraffins (Alkanes, C 10-13 , chloro) with greater than 48% chlorination. The nomination proposal identified the substance as CAS No.,Toxic substances list: chlorinated alkanes – Canada.ca ,Toxic substances list: chlorinated alkanes. The term paraffins used to identify these substances was changed to alkanes to harmonize with more current nomenclature that is recognized by other jurisdictions and international bodies.,Short-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins (SCCPs) ,Short-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins (SCCPs) and Other Chlorinated Paraffins. Action Plan .

CHLORINATED PARAFFINS C10-C13 (ENVIRONMENTALLY HAZARDOUS …

Excerpt from ERG Guide 171 [Substances (Low to Moderate Hazard)]: Inhalation of material may be harmful. Contact may cause burns to skin and eyes.,Chlorinated Paraffins – ec.gc.ca ,Environment Canada. 1997. Scientific justification. Short chain chlorinated paraffins. Candidate substance for management under Track 1 of the Toxic Substances Management Policy (ISBN 662-25391-4; Catalogue No. En40-230/5-1997E). Environment Canada. 2003a.,Groundwater contaminated with short-chain chlorinated … ,The vertical migrations of toxic and persistent short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) in soils as well as the microbial responses have been reported, however, there is a paucity of data on the resulting groundwater contamination. Here, we determined the concentration and congener profile of SCCP …

Chlorinated Paraffins in Food: The Latest Hot Topi …

Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) are a complex group of manmade compounds, primarily used in coolant lubricants liquids for metal workings. CPs are also used as secondary plasticizers and flame retardants in plastics, rubber, paints, adhesives, and sealants.,Overview of the Mammalian and Environmental Toxicity of … ,Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) are a large and complex group of polychlorinated n -alkanes found ubiquitously in the environment. Recent studies also show the presence of CPs in human samples such as breast milk.,Short- and Medium-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins in … ,This study investigates the presence of Stockholm Convention listed short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) and their replacement medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs) counterparts in polyvinyl chloride and rubber consumer products and toys purchased on the Belgian market in 2019.

Substance Information – ECHA

The ‘Substance identity’ section is calculated from substance identification information from all ECHA databases. The substance identifiers displayed in the InfoCard are the best available substance name, EC number, CAS number and/or the molecular and structural formulas.,Chi XU | PhD candidate | Chinese Academy of Sciences … ,Median-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs) have similar toxicity to SCCPs. The productions of chlorinated paraffins (CPs) in China were 1 million tons in 2013 and remained high after that, which …,Substance Information – ECHA ,Alkanes, C14-17, chloro. The ‘Substance identity’ section is calculated from substance identification information from all ECHA databases.

Chlorinated Paraffins (EHC 181, 1996)

Composition of paraffins obtained by dechlorination of different chlorinated paraffin preparations (Zitko, 1974b) Chlorinated Percentage of each paraffin paraffin C 21 C 22 C 23 C 24 C 25 C 26 C 27 C 28 Chloroparaffin, 4.5 10.0 15.7 19.3 18.5 15.3 9.8 6.7 40% Clorafin 40 3.7 8.2 14.0 17.5 19.2 17.4 12.4 7.6 CP 40 3.9 9.1 14.9 19.2 19.8 18.0 15 …,(PDF) Chlorinated Paraffins: improved understanding of … ,Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) are industrial chemicals, mainly used as flame retardants, plasticizers and metal cutting fluids. …,Overview of the Mammalian and Environmental Toxicity of … ,Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) are a large and complex group of polychlorinated n -alkanes found ubiquitously in the environment. Recent studies also show the presence of CPs in human samples such as breast milk.

Chlorinated Paraffins: A Report on the Findings From Two …

f/EPA 100.0 United States Environmental Protection Agency Office of Toxic Substance* Exposure Evaluation Division Washington, DC 20460 EPA 560/5-87-012 February 1988 Toxic Substances Chlorinated Paraffins A Report on the Findings from Two Field Studies Sugar Creek, Ohio Tinkers Creek, Ohio Volume II – Appendix D, The Quality Assurance Project Plan 1 1 V, / \ ^«-*~.,Short- and Medium-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins in … ,This study investigates the presence of Stockholm Convention listed short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) and their replacement medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs) counterparts in polyvinyl chloride and rubber consumer products and toys purchased on the Belgian market in 2019.,Risk assessment of chlorinated paraffins in feed and food … ,Arithmetic means of the relative homologue group concentration for short-chain chlorinated paraffins and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins in Norwegian, Danish, Scottish and Chilean farmed salmon and in different Eastern Pacific wild salmon (from Krätschmer et al., 2019 2 2 Reprinted from Chemosphere, 227, Krätschmer K, Schächtele A …

Short-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins (SCCPs)

SHORT-CHAIN CHLORINATED PARAFFINS (SCCPs) Class or Substance Name Short-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins, C10 -C13 (SCCPs) Substance List by CAS Number SCCPs exist as a mixture of substances containing chlorinated hydrocarbons with chain lengths ranging from C10 to C13 and a content of chlorine 20 % to 70% with CAS Number 85535-84-8.,Sublethal Toxic Effects and Induction of Glutathione S … ,Sublethal Toxic Effects and Induction of Glutathione S-transferase by Short Chain Chlorinated Paraffins (SCCPs) and C-12 alkane (dodecane) in Xenopus laevis Frog Embryos B. BUR¯·KOVÁ 1,2*, L.,UNEP/POPS/POPRC.6/11/Rev – marcoinfussi.it ,Consideration of draft risk profiles: short-chained chlorinated paraffins Revised draft risk profile: short-chained chlorinated paraffins Note by the Secretariat 1. At its fifth meeting, the Persistent Organic Pollutants Review Committee considered a draft risk profile on short-chained chlorinated paraffins1 that it had revised at its fourth …

Chlorinated Paraffins | Prakash Chemicals International

AAs per research, chlorinated paraffin is partially toxic to human. A peer reviewed published report mentions that chlorinated paraffins are “practically nontoxic” for the humans within a limited range of intake.,Chlorinated paraffins: chapter 4 – Canada.ca ,4.1.2 Medium-chain chlorinated paraffins/long-chain chlorinated paraffins. The environmental distribution of three medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs) (C 14-17) and a liquid C 18 long-chain chlorinated paraffins (LCCPs) was estimated using the equilibrium criterion (EQC) Level III fugacity model of Trent University’s Canadian Environmental Modelling Centre (Mackay et al.,Short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) – POPs ,The Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants is a multilateral treaty to protect human health and the environment from chemicals, known as POPs. POPs have harmful impacts on human health or on the environment.

Chlorinated Paraffin Levels in Relation to Other …

Introduction. Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) are mixtures of several thousand compounds that are produced by the chlorination of alkane feedstock (Fiedler 2010).Based on the length of the alkane chains, the resulting technical products are commonly subdivided into short-chain (SCCPs, C 10 – C 13), medium-chain (MCCPs, C 14 – C 17) and long-chain CPs (LCCPs, C > 17) (PARCOM 1995; POPRC 2015).,Outcome of a public consultation on the draft risk … – EFSA ,Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) are complex mixtures of polychlorinated n-alkanes. The chlorination degree …,Chlorinated Paraffins: A Report on the Findings From Two … ,f/EPA 100.0 United States Environmental Protection Agency Office of Toxic Substance* Exposure Evaluation Division Washington, DC 20460 EPA 560/5-87-012 February 1988 Toxic Substances Chlorinated Paraffins A Report on the Findings from Two Field Studies Sugar Creek, Ohio Tinkers Creek, Ohio Volume II – Appendix D, The Quality Assurance Project Plan 1 1 V, / \ ^«-*~.

Chemicals in this assessment

Very long chain chlorinated paraffins (vLCCPs), carbon chain C>20. The chemicals, SCCPs are persistent, bioaccumulative, undergo long range transport to remote areas and are inherently toxic to some aquatic and invertebrate species and have been the focus of coordinated global action.,EPA Publishes SNUR for Chlorinated Paraffins – ILMA ,EPA Publishes SNUR for Chlorinated Paraffins August 21, 2018 EPA has published its long-anticipated Significant New Use Rule (SNUR) for medium-, long- and very long-chain chlorinated paraffins (CPs). The Agency’s action follows consent orders it entered into in June 2017 with Dover Chemical, Inovyn and Qualice LLC, approving pre-manufacture notifications for the substances and adding ten new …,SCCPs-Risk Profile – POPs ,As noted in the Annex E information submitted by the USA, some chlorinated paraffins are on the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) inventory and are subject to the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA's) TSCA inventory update reporting rule under which production and import information is collected.

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